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The second shift /

Main Author:
Other Authors: Machung, Anne.
Format: Book
Language: English
Published: Avon Books, 1989
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SUMMARY

In this landmark study, sociologist Arlie Hochschild takes us into the homes of two-career parents to observe what really goes on at the end of the work day. Overwhelmingly, she discovers, it's the working mother who takes on the second shift. Hochschild finds that men share housework equally with their wives in only twenty percent of dual-career families. While many women accept this inequity in order to keep peace, they tend to suffer from chronic exhaustion, low sex drive, and more frequent illness as a result. The ultimate cost is the forfeited health and happiness of both partners, and often the survival of the marriage itself.


Review by Booklist Review

Hochschild, a university professor with two sons, has personally worked through the dual-career parenting struggles and performed extensive research on how such issues are being handled in the 1980s. Have housework and child care been divided equally? Does income level decide at-home participation level? Intensive, almost live-in research by Hochschild demonstrates the inequities, the compromises, and the clashes. She then delves into the reasons why these evolve. Not merely another look at who does the ironing or changes the diapers, but a study describing the patterns and ideals women and men create, change, and pass on to their children. A serious socioanthropological look at today's marriages. Notes, readings; to be indexed. --Denise Perry Donavin

From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Review by Publisher's Weekly Review

As more women work outside the home (54% in 1986) more tensions arise within their families. In this study of two-career parents, Hochschild, professor of sociology at UC Berkeley and herself a dual-career parent, identifies as ``second shift'' the domestic activity that occupies parents before they go to and after they return from office or shop. Conducted from 1981-1988, her interviews with working parents with children under age six reveal the inner lives of these families. We hear from women who are lawyers, executives, word processors, garment pattern cutters--and from their husbands, baby-sitters, friends and neighbors. There is agreement as to the difficulty of both parents working full time and raising children well; however, the perceptions of which partner shoulders prime responsibility vary. Even in self-perceived egalitarian couples, inequity appears, with women generally spending much more time than men on housework and childcare. This well-researched popular sociology book is presented with style and sympathy. (June) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

(c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved
Review by Library Journal Review

A sociological study of the two-career family. Hochschild conducted detailed interviews and home observations of 50 working couples raising children under six years of age to see how they balanced careers, household, and child-rearing tasks. The results yield no surprises. As we already know, women do the bulk of the housework and child care in addition to their outside jobs. Men contribute in varying degrees, but, in general help out less in the home. Couples are either traditional, transitional, or egalitarian, based on the way they divide these responsibilities and balance the power in their relationships. Phillip Blumstein and Pepper Schwartz's American Couples: Money, Work, Sex (LJ 10/15/83), as well as numerous articles, have told us these things already, but social science, women's studies, and public library collections may want to add this book. The extensive bibliography is quite useful.-- Barbara M. Bibel, Oakland P.L., Cal. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
AUTHOR NOTES

Arlie Russell Hochschild, a professor of sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, is the author of two New York Times Notable Books of the Year, THE SECOND SHIFT and THE MANAGED HEART. She has received numerous awards, including a Guggenheim Fellowship and a research grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. Her articles have appeared in Harper's, Mother Jones, and Psychology Today, among others. She lives in San Francisco with her husband, the writer Adam Hochschild.

(Publisher Provided) Arlie Russell Hochschild, Hochschild was a Professor of Sociology and directed the Center for Working Families at the University of California, Berkeley. She married writer Adam Hochschild, and they had two sons. She has been a Lang Visiting Professor of Social Change at Swarthmore College and a Fulbright Scholar at the Center for Development Studies in Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

She has written articles that have appeared in scholarly journals as well as Harper's, Mother Jones, and The New York Times Magazine. She has received awards from the Fulbright, Guggenheim and Alfred P. Sloan foundations and from the National Institute of Public Health.

Hochschild is the author of "The Second Shift," The Managed Heart," and "The Time Bind." She believed that women moving into the workforce have not been accompanied by changes in the workplace, and the issues of daycare and the role of men at home have caused tension within the family.

(Bowker Author Biography)


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