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Blacklisted by history : the untold story of Senator Joe McCarthy and his fight against America's enemies /

Accused of creating a bogus Red Scare and smearing countless innocent victims in a five-year reign of terror, Senator Joseph McCarthy is remembered as a demagogue, a bully, and a liar. A half century after his death, his name remains synonymous with witch hunts. But that image is wrong, as... Full description

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Format: Book
Language: English
Published: Crown Forum, 2007
Edition: First edition.
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SUMMARY

Accused of creating a bogus Red Scare and smearing countless innocent victims in a five-year reign of terror, Senator Joseph McCarthy is universally remembered as a demagogue, a bully, and a liar. History has judged him such a loathsome figure that even today, a half century after his death, his name remains synonymous with witch hunts.

But that conventional image is all wrong, as veteran journalist and author M. Stanton Evans reveals in this groundbreaking book. The long-awaited Blacklisted by History , based on six years of intensive research, dismantles the myths surrounding Joe McCarthy and his campaign to unmask Communists, Soviet agents, and flagrant loyalty risks working within the U.S. government. Evans's revelations completely overturn our understanding of McCarthy, McCarthyism, and the Cold War.

Drawing on primary sources--including never-before-published government records and FBI files, as well as recent research gleaned from Soviet archives and intercepted transmissions between Moscow spymasters and their agents in the United States--Evans presents irrefutable evidence of a relentless Communist drive to penetrate our government, influence its policies, and steal its secrets. Most shocking of all, he shows that U.S. officials supposedly guarding against this danger not only let it happen but actively covered up the penetration. All of this was precisely as Joe McCarthy contended.

Blacklisted by History shows, for instance, that the FBI knew as early as 1942 that J. Robert Oppenheimer, the director of the atomic bomb project, had been identified by Communist leaders as a party member; that high-level U.S. officials were warned that Alger Hiss was a Soviet spy almost a decade before the Hiss case became a public scandal; that a cabal of White House, Justice Department, and State Department officials lied about and covered up the Amerasia spy case; and that the State Department had been heavily penetrated by Communists and Soviet agents before McCarthy came on the scene.

Evans also shows that practically everything we've been told about McCarthy is false, including conventional treatment of the famous 1950 speech at Wheeling, West Virginia, that launched the McCarthy era ("I have here in my hand . . ."), the Senate hearings that casually dismissed his charges, the matter of leading McCarthy suspect Owen Lattimore, the Annie Lee Moss case, the Army-McCarthy hearings, and much more.

In the end, Senator McCarthy was censured by his colleagues and condemned by the press and historians. But as Evans writes, "The real Joe McCarthy has vanished into the mists of fable and recycled error, so that it takes the equivalent of a dragnet search to find him." Blacklisted by History provides the first accurate account of what McCarthy did and, more broadly, what happened to America during the Cold War. It is a revealing exposé of the forces that distorted our national policy in that conflict and our understanding of its history since.


From the Hardcover edition.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part IThird Rail
Prologue: The Search for Joe McCarthyp. 3
Chapter 1An Enemy of the Peoplep. 15
Chapter 2The Caveman in the Sewerp. 26
Chapter 3He Had in His Handp. 37
Chapter 4"Stale, Warmed Over Charges"p. 49
Chapter 5Unthinking the Thinkablep. 61
Part IIBack Story
Chapter 6The Witching Hourp. 75
Chapter 7The Way It Workedp. 87
Chapter 8Chungking, 1944p. 98
Chapter 9Reds, Lies, and Audiotapep. 110
Chapter 10When Parallels Convergedp. 123
Chapter 11What Hoover Told Trumanp. 135
Chapter 12Inside the State Departmentp. 148
Chapter 13Acts of Congressp. 162
Part IIIBlowup
Chapter 14Wheeling, 1950p. 179
Chapter 15Discourse on Methodp. 194
Chapter 16The Tydings Versionp. 206
Chapter 17Eve of Destructionp. 219
Chapter 18A Fraud and a Hoaxp. 233
Chapter 19Of Names and Numbersp. 246
Chapter 20The Four Committeesp. 263
Chapter 21File and Forget Itp. 276
Chapter 22All Clear in Foggy Bottomp. 288
Chapter 23The Man Who Knew Too Muchp. 301
Part IVMole Hunts
Chapter 24The Trouble with Harryp. 315
Chapter 25A Book of Martyrsp. 331
Chapter 26Some Public Casesp. 345
Chapter 27Tempest in a Teacupp. 360
Chapter 28Little Red Schoolhousep. 373
Chapter 29"Owen Lattimore-Espionage R"p. 385
Chapter 30Dr. Jessup and Mr. Fieldp. 399
Chapter 31A Conspiracy So Immensep. 411
Chapter 32The Battle with Bentonp. 425
Part VHardball
Chapter 33The Perils of Powerp. 443
Chapter 34Uncertain Voicep. 455
Chapter 35The Burning of the Booksp. 467
Chapter 36Scott McLeod, Where Are You?p. 478
Chapter 37The Getting of J. B. Matthewsp. 490
Chapter 38The Moles of Monmouthp. 502
Chapter 39A Tale of Two Generalsp. 515
Chapter 40The Legend of Annie Lee Mossp. 528
Chapter 41At War with the Armyp. 542
Chapter 42On Not Having Any Decencyp. 557
Part VIEnd Game
Chapter 43The Sounds of Silencep. 573
Chapter 44Sentence First, Verdict Laterp. 585
Conclusion: Samson in the Heathen Templep. 599
Notesp. 607
Appendixp. 631
Acknowledgmentsp. 641
Indexp. 644


Review by Booklist Review

A detailed investigation into the empirical basis behind Senator Joseph McCarthy's anti-Red crusade in the 1950s, Evans' inquiry aims to correct misstatements the veteran conservative journalist believes have long persisted in histories of the demagogue. That reputation the author does not challenge, but Evans otherwise embarks on a mission of at least probative vindication, from the exact number of State Department Communists McCarthy alleged in the 1950 speech that ignited his crusade to the factual context of McCarthy's 1954 political downfall. Evans' diligent research suggests that McCarthyism--libelous, false accusation--does not completely match the real McCoy. Some whom McCarthy charged were Communist spies, as has been indicated in post-Cold War declassifications such as the Venona decryption project. Evans successfully identifies some but not all of McCarthy's sources and also turns up some curious behind-the-scenes activity of McCarthy's senatorial and bureaucratic opponents. Separate from the sociopolitical frenzy of McCarthyism that provokes visceral opinion, Evans' comb through available documents about McCarthy's cases (which have significant gaps) should engage those willing to consider their forensics.--Taylor, Gilbert Copyright 2007 Booklist

From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Review by Publisher's Weekly Review

Evans's lively book seeks, first, to demonstrate that Communists worked, often successfully, to undermine American security during the Cold War. It tries, second, to defend Sen. Joseph McCarthy, the egregious scourge of American Communists and fellow travelers, against those who, in Evans's (The Theme Is Freedom) view, have unjustly ruined his reputation. On the first point, save for some new details, Evans, a contributing editor to Human Events, treads worn ground. Most scholars, having also used Soviet archives, concede his position and argue now only over secondary matters, like the guilt of Alger Hiss. On the second point, Evans has a tougher case, which he seeks to make as a defense attorney would: by conceding nothing to McCarthy's detractors. Evans is also given to conspiracy thinking-an approach that, by its nature, yields claims that can neither be confirmed nor falsified. Defense attorneys and debaters like Evans follow different rules than historians-they try to score points, not to advance knowledge. Evans is good at the former, his propulsive style carrying much of the argument's burden. But the history Evans relates is already largely known, if not fully accepted.. 20 illus. (Nov. 6) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

(c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved
Review by Library Journal Review

If a book set out to choose the most disreputable American political episode on which to bestow respectable historical standing, Joe McCarthy's era of influence might serve. The Wisconsin senator's brief ascendancy is all but universally seen as a period of shame. In his massively documented work, longtime conservative journalist and editor Evans (former editor, Indianapolis News; The Theme Is Freedom) argues that "the real Joe McCarthy has vanished into the mists of fable and recycled error, so that it takes the equivalent of a dragnet search to find him." In his dragnet, Evans looks closely at FBI files, congressional hearing transcripts, private papers, and other sources, some only recently available, and concludes that just about everything written on McCarthy from his 1950 Wheeling speech to the 1954 Army-McCarthy hearings is wrong. Evans's McCarthy, while sometimes lacking nuance, was onto a real problem with the issue of Communists in government, one that his critics, contemporary and ever after, have been less concerned about than they have been with disposing of McCarthy. The author charges most prior historians and biographers with having been light on primary research but steeped in conventional wisdom. His crisply written study may daunt some readers owing to length and may not win over most McCarthy critics. But it will certainly send historians to the primary sources and is recommended for academic and larger public libraries.-Bob Nardini, Concord, NH (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
AUTHOR NOTES

M. Stanton Evans is the author of seven books, including The Theme Is Freedom . A contributing editor at Human Events , he served for many years as director of the National Journalism Center. Evans was previously the editor of the Indianapolis News , a columnist for the Los Angeles Times Syndicate , and a commentator for CBS and Voice of America. He lives near Washington, D.C.


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